Over time, labour has evolved a lot. One of the most significant changes we’ve seen was that both employees and employers got more rights and obligations. While labour and other laws regulating the field of work depend on your local regulations, they’re generally quite similar. So, how exactly does it work? And what should you know about it? It’s time to answer these questions.
How does labour law work?
Before we move on, we have to discuss how labour law works. Simply put, it prescribes the rights and obligations of both employers and their employees. While the US, China, Finland, and Serbia may have different laws on the books, their purpose is the same. One of its key aspects all labour laws have is ensureing all employees have their rights. It concerns the minimum socially acceptable working conditions, which have been previously agreed upon. Some of the rights employees have according to labour law include the right to earn their salary, rest during daily work, have annual leave, and a lot more. Thanks to it, employees have awareness of their rights and can easily recognize bad employers. Also, if they feel their employer mistreated them, it lets them file a complaint and do something about it.
Different forms of work
Now that you know how labour law works, it’s time to learn more about it. The first thing might want to be aware of is that work can be performed both insider and outside the employment relationship. When a company hires you, there are two types of employment relationships they can opt for. The company can hire you for a definite period of time if there are objective reasons for it. The other option is for them to hire you for an indefinite period of time. When working outside the employment relationship, you can get a temporary or periodical job. No matter what type of work we’re talking about, you don’t conclude an employment contract. Instead, there’s another type of a written contract that regulates non-employment relations.
Working hours and breaks
Depending on what kind of contract you have and where you are, you have different obligations towards the employer. Full-time workers work 40 hours a week in most countries, while part-time employees work less than that. At the employer’s request, you’re obliged to work overtime in case of an increased volume of work. Keep in mind that there are still some regulations considering overtime. For example, it cannot last longer than 8 hours a week and you can’t work more than 12 hours in one day. If you need any further details regarding overtime compensation, turning to experts from a Law Firm in Novi Sad, or wherever in the world you’re doing business in, is a good idea. When it comes to breaks, anyone working over 4 hours a day has a right to a minimum of 15-minute break.
Termination of the employment relationship
Another important aspect of the labour law is the termination of the employment relationship. There are different circumstances in which this can happen. Firstly, they can be unrelated to the will of both employer and employee. This happens when the employee reaches retirement age or is no longer able to work due to an illness or prison sentence. The employment relationship can also end as a result of the cancellation of the employment contract. Both employee and employer have the right to cancel the contract if they wish. However, when the company is terminating it, there needs to be a just cause involved. This can be anything from the breach of work duty to organizational changes in the organization.
The bottom line
Being aware of labour law and other laws regulating the field of work is extremely important. Whether you’re looking for a job or you’re running your own business, this information can come in handy. For extra details, you can always connect with experts in the field of law and have them guide you through the entire process of employment.